VAPT, which refers to Vulnerability Assessment and Penetration Testing, is a comprehensive security testing method for identifying and addressing cyber security vulnerabilities. VAPT assists organizations in identifying and addressing security flaws before they are exploited by attackers. By combining vulnerability assessment and penetration testing, VAPT provides a thorough analysis to strengthen your organization’s cyber security. The Vulnerability Assessment discovers potential vulnerabilities and makes suggestions to resolve them, whereas the Penetration Testing simulates an attack by attempting to exploit the identified flaws to determine their potential impact and identify any new ones. It varies by geographical region and can refer to a grouping of numerous independent services or a single, integrated offering. VAPT might range from automated vulnerability assessments to human-led penetration testing.


Vulnerability assessment methodology: Vulnerability assessment is a human process that identifies, classifies, and prioritizes vulnerabilities and security risks based on the severity they pose to assets.

The Penetration testing methodology consists of the following steps:
Survey, Scanning, Vulnerability Assessment, Exploitation, and Reporting.  


The survey is the first stage and is the foundation for the entire procedure. The tester embarks on an intelligence-gathering expedition concerning the target system at this phase. The collection could include information such as IP addresses, domain details, network services, mail servers, and network topology.

This proactive intelligence gathering gives priceless insights, assisting in the creation of a thorough blueprint of the target’s environment. Armed with this knowledge, the tester can develop an informed testing approach that effectively probes for vulnerabilities, laying the groundwork for the succeeding phases of the penetration testing process.


The scanning stage comes next. This phase entails a thorough technical examination of the target system. To understand how the target system responds to various attacks, automated tools like a vulnerability scanner, network mappers, and others are utilized.

Scanning allows testers to see how the target application acts under various scenarios and find potential weak points that could be exploited. It maps out the system’s digital environment, allowing the tester to identify potential sites of access used by an attacker.

Vulnerability Assessment

After completely scanning the target system, the method moves on to the Vulnerability Assessment stage. This step involves a thorough examination of the target system to find potential areas of exploitation.

The tester examines the security of the systems using a combination of automated tools and manual approaches, discovering any potential flaws. This thorough examination ensures a complete awareness of the system’s security posture, highlighting any flaws that fraudsters could exploit.


Following the completion of the Vulnerability Assessment, the next stage is Exploitation.  During this key stage, the tester attempts to exploit the disclosed  vulnerabilities. The goal is not to create damage, but to determine the extent of the  vulnerability and assess the possible impact. Data breaches, service disruption, or unauthorized access to sensitive information are all example of exploitation.

This stage must be carefully regulated and monitored to ensure that the system is not harmed inadvertently during the procedure. It’s a delicate balancing act between pushing the bounds and preserving the  system’s integrity.


Reporting is the final stage, in which the tester compiles a complete report  detailing their results. This contains the detected vulnerabilities, data abuse, and the success of the  simulated breach. However, the report contains more than just a list of problems. It also makes advice for mitigating the vulnerabilities, such as software patches, configuration adjustments, and enhanced security practices.

The study serves as a road map for the organization’s transition to a more  secure IT environment.