Cloud VAPT (Vulnerability Assessment and Penetration Testing) refers to the process of evaluating the security of cloud applications and infrastructure to identify vulnerabilities that could be exploited by attackers. Cloud VAPT testing involves a combination of manual and automated testing techniques, including vulnerability scanning, penetration testing, and risk assessment, to ensure that the cloud services and applications are secure and resilient to cyberattacks

Most of the web applications are moving to cloud technology. While this enhances the appliaction functionality, it also introduces security issues. Since everything is virtual in case of a cloud hosting, it is difficult to gain fine grain control of the “data at rest” and “data in transit”.

Cloud computing technology offers three basic models of implementation.. Infrastructure as a service (IaaS), Software as a Service (SaaS) and Platform as a Service (PaaS). Securing cloud environments is a sweeping proposition that touches on the topics of virtualization security, access control, data protection and a host of other areas.

What we do:


RNR’s Cloud VAPT services include the following steps:

  1. Information gathering: The penetration tester gathers information about the cloud environment, such as its cloud provider, services, and configurations. This information is used to identify vulnerabilities that may not be detected by automated scanning tools.
  2. Vulnerability scanning: The penetration tester scans the cloud environment for vulnerabilities, such as misconfigured security settings, open ports, and outdated software.
  3. Penetration testing: The penetration tester attempts to exploit the vulnerabilities that were identified in the scanning and assessment phases. This is done to verify that the vulnerabilities are exploitable and to identify the impact of an attack.
  4. Reporting: The penetration tester reports the results of the assessment to the organization, including the vulnerabilities that were identified, the risks associated with the vulnerabilities, and the recommendations for remediation.

Cloud VAPT services can be a valuable tool for organizations of all sizes. It can help organizations identify and fix vulnerabilities in their cloud environments that could be exploited by attackers. RNR helps to prevent data breaches and other security incidents.

Security review / VAPT conclusion


We can provide both Manual as well as Automated vulnerability assessment and penetration testing services as per the client’s requirements. We follow a systematic approach and methodology for Vulnerability Assessment and Penetration Testing. This method includes the following steps.

  • Planning & Information Gathering
  • Vulnerability Detection
  • Penetration Attempt
  • Intricacies of Vulnerability Assessment & Penetration Testing
  • Clean-Up Process
  • Analysis and Reporting

What is cloud security testing?


Most of the applications these days are hosted in the Cloud. Security is one of the major problems for applications. Cloud security testing has become a new service model where the security-as-a-service providers perform on-demand application security testing in the cloud.

The main objective of Cloud security is to stop any threat or malware from accessing, stealing or manipulating any of our private data. It identifies the threats in the system and measures its potential vulnerabilities and risks. It also helps developers in fixing those problems through coding. The cloud security testing is applicable for large application base, applications with low to medium risk and organizations with a strict budget & time restrictions.

Cloud Security Testing gives the feasibility to host the security testing tools on the Cloud for testing. With this process, tools on the Cloud can test the applications. In the traditional testing, one needs to have on-premise tools and infrastructure. Since Cloud-based testing techniques, make the process faster, and cost-effective, enterprises these days are adopting Cloud Security Testing.

Types of Security Testing in Cloud (AWS, Azure, Google)


The whole cloud testing is segregated into four main categories

  1. Testing of the whole cloud: The cloud is viewed as a whole entity and based on its features testing is carried out. Cloud and SaaS vendors, and the end users, are the ones who usually carry out this type of testing.
  2. Testing within a cloud: By checking each of its internal features, testing is carried out. The cloud vendors are the only ones who can perform this type of testing.
  3. Testing across cloud: Testing is carried out on different types of cloud-like private, public and hybrid clouds
  4. SaaS testing in cloud: Functional and non-functional testing is carried out on the basis of application requirements

Types of Cloud TestingTask Performed
SaaS or Cloud-oriented TestingThis type of testing is usually performed by cloud or SaaS vendors. The primary objective is to assure the quality of the provided service functions offered in a cloud or a SaaS program. Testing performed in this environment is integration, functional, security, unit, system function validation and Regression Testing as well as performance and scalability evaluation.
Online based application testing on a cloudOnline application vendors perform this testing that checks performance and Functional Testing of the cloud-based services. When applications are connected with legacy systems, the quality of the connectivity between the legacy system and under test application on a cloud is validated.
Cloud-based application testing over cloudsTo check the quality of a cloud-based application across different clouds this type of testing is performed.


Example Test cases for Cloud Testing



Test ScenariosTest case
Performance TestingFailure due to one user action on the cloud should not affect other users performance
Manual or automatic scaling should not cause any disruption
On all types of devices, the performance of the application should remain the same
Overbooking at supplier end should not hamper the application performance
Security TestingAn only authorized customer should get access to data Data must be encrypted well
Data must be deleted completely if it is not in use by a client
Data should be accessible with insufficient encryption
Administration on suppliers end should not access the customers’ data
Check for various security settings like firewall, VPN, Anti-virus etc.
Functional testingValid input should give the expected results
Service should integrate properly with other applications
A system should display customer account type when successfully login to the cloud
When a customer chose to switch to other services the running service should close automatically
Interoperability & Compatibility TestingValidate the compatibility requirements of the application under test system
Check browser compatibility in a cloud environment
Identify the Defect that might arise while connecting to a cloud
Any incomplete data on the cloud should not be transferred
Verify that application works across a different platform of cloud
Test application on the in-house environment and then deploy it on a cloud environment
Network TestingTest protocol responsible for cloud connectivity
Check for data integrity while transferring data
Check for proper network connectivity
Check if packets are being dropped by a firewall on either side
Load and Stress TestingCheck for services when multiple users access the cloud services
Identify the Defect responsible for hardware or environment failure
Check whether system fails under increasing specific load
Check how a system changes over time under a certain load


Challenges in Cloud Testing



    • Challenge#1: Data Security and Privacy
    • Since Cloud applications multi-tenant in nature, risk of data theft always remain. For this reason suppliers should be give users an assurance about the safety of their data.

    • Challenge#2: Short notice period
    • This is a big problem when one manually validates the changes to the SaaS application, as Cloud provider give a short notice period of (1-2 weeks) to the existing customers about upgrades.

    • Challenge#3: Validating interface compatibility
    • At times, along with the upgrade in Cloud service provider, the external interface also gets upgraded which becomes a challenge for those subscribers who are used to the older interface. Cloud (SaaS) subscribers need to ensure that the users can choose the interface version they wanted to work

    • Challenge#4: Data Migration
    • Data migration from one Cloud provider to another is a huge challenge as both providers may have different database schemas and it requires a lot of effort to understand the data fields, relationships and how are they mapped across SaaS application

    • Challenge#5: Enterprise Application Integration
    • Enterprise application integration requires data integration validation of both outbound and inbound data, from client network to SaaS application and vice versa. Data privacy calls for a thorough validation in order to ensure SaaS subscribers about security and privacy of data.

  • Challenge#6: Simulating live upgrade testing
  • One of the biggest challenge in cloud testing is to ensure that live upgrades do not impact the existing connected SaaS users.